Montessori education was founded by Dr. Maria Montessori as a result of her scientific observations of the behavior and needs of young children. She was the first female doctor in Italy. In the beginning Dr. Maria Montessori started working with children with special needs, this was her first involvement with education. In 1907 she was invited to open a care center for the children of poor families in the San Lorenzo slums of Rome. She called it a “Children’s House” and based the program on her observations that children learn best in a nurturing environment, filled with appropriate materials, that provide experiences contributing to independence and self-motivation.
Montessori is a student-centered approach that encourages creativity and curiosity. A Montessori environment focuses more on a student’s learning than on a teacher’s teaching. A trained Montessori teacher follows the child’s natural interest, guides, coaches and facilitates each child’s learning through continuous observation and assessment. Montessori students develop creativity and confidence, critical thinking and problem solving skills, and a positive attitude towards learning, which helps them in education throughout their life.